Pest Glossary

Glossary: Definitions of Over 50 Pest Related Terms

You can browse all pest related words and phrases alphabetically.

Abdomen:

One of the three segments of an insects body that contains the organs of its digestive system.

Airborne:

Something which is transported by air.

Allergen:

Any material or substance the body can be over-sensitive to.

Anaphylaxis:

A severe allergic reaction to an antigen (e.g. a sting or a bite)

Anthrax:

A deadly disease. Mostly affects animals but humans can contract it after eating infected meat.

Arachnid:

An arthropod of the class Arachnida, i.e. a spider or scorpion.

Asphyxiation:

Loss of normal breath that results in going unconscious or death.

Asthma:

A condition associated with shortness of breath and coughing, usually in result of an allergen, stress and others.

Colony:

A group of social insects

Conjunctivitis:

Eye inflammation

CSD – Cat Scratch Disease:

A disease with a slow onset, that follows a cat scratch. Symptoms are loss of appetite, pains in joints and muscles, chills.

Cyfluthrin:

A common pyrethroid household pesticide

Cypermethrin:

An insecticide toxic to the nervous system of insects, often used in agriculture.

DDT:

Dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane, which was the first synthetic insecticide developed in the 1940s.

Detritus:

Organic material (I.e. faecal matter, dead organisms) which is dead but hasn’t dissolved yet.

Diatomaceous earth:

It’s a natural rock made out of prehistoric fossilized water plants called diatoms. Has an effect against pests.

Disease Vector:

An organism that carries infectious diseases through transmission of parasites. I.e: ticks and mosquitoes

Dysentery:

Intestine inflammation that results in diarrhoea, bleeding and fever.

Eczema:

A skin condition that consists of blisters, itching and sometimes bleeding

Fifth Disease:

A skin rash that can affect children as old as 5-15

Fipronil:

A pesticide that works against the nervous system of insects

Fluvalinate:

A synthetic substance most commonly used against ticks in protection of honey bee colonies.

Fungi:

An organism which reproduces by the use of spores; examples: mould, mildew, yeast, mushrooms

Gregarious:

A sociable animal that lives in herds

Hantavirus:

A virus only carried by rodents

Herbivore:

An animal that feeds on plants

Host:

A living being that a parasitic or commensal organism lives in

Leptospirosis:

A disease transmitted by rodents and other vermin through contaminated water that is associated with eye pain, head- and muscle aches and fever.

Mandible:

A pair of appendages near the insect’s mouth with the function to grasp or cut food

Mesothoracic:

The middle of an insect’s body, where the first pair of wings and the middle pair of legs are

Methoprene:

A juvenile hormone analog that can serve as an insecticide.

Mimicry:

Resemblance of one species to another for the purpose of protection

Necrosis:

Death of tissue in a part of the body

Neonicotinoids:

One of the newer insecticides that paralyses bugs and causes them to die

Nithiazine:

One of the rather more toxic and dangerous chemicals used in pest control

Nymph:

A newly hatched insect

Pathogens:

Disease-causing microorganisms

Pharyngitis:

Throat inflammation

Pheromones:

A special chemical compound released by insects to affect and interact with others from its species

Pollinators:

An insect that enables the fertilization and reproduction of flowers

Pseudotuberculosis:

Pain in the right side of the abdomen and a fever caused by a food-borne infection

Pyrethroid:

One of the most common ingredients in household insecticides; organic compound from the flowers of pyrethrums

Pyriproxyfen:

A pesticide that is especially effective against Arthropoda such as fleas and ticks.

Q fever:

A disease similar in its symptoms to the flu

Rat bite fever:

A disease that can be contracted after a rat bite and has a mortality of 10% when untreated

Salmonella:

The bacteria that cause conditions like typhoid fever, paratyphoid fever, and food poisoning

Scavenger:

An animal with a menu that consists of dead plants, carrion or rubbish

Secretions:

The process of substance excretion for a purpose

Social insect:

Insects that live in group and exhibit 3 qualities: group integration, labour division and overlap of generations

Spinneret:

A silk-spinning organ at the back of a spider that produces spider web

Swarming:

Moving in large numbers

Symbiosis:

A beneficial relationship between two individuals from different species who are dependent on each other

Thorax:

The part of the body starting from the abdomen to the neck

Tularemia:

A disease animals can transfer to humans; comes with high temperature, weight loss and ulcers

Typhus:

A disease transmitted by fleas, lice and mites, that comes with headaches, fever, depression and skin rashes

Vespine:

Vespa is Latin for wasp

Weil’s Disease:

A severe case of the rat-transmitted Leptosiprosis known to cause organ failure and blood loss

West Nile virus:

A dangerous condition that can cause pneumonia and brain and nervous system damage

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