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How to Check For Bed Bugs


Checking your place for bed bugs is the first step of the battle with the health-threatening bugs. The infestation spreads like wildfire, for this reason, they should be located and eradicated as soon as possible.We advise anyone who’s dealing with bed bugs, to minimise the service costs by taking actions fast.

Minor infestations, though, are much harder to stop on time. When the bed bugs are low in number, they are often hiding very well and are hard to find unless you have been trained to do just that. Bed bugs are also easily mistaken for other bugs such as carpet beetles, which may also lead to confusion about what pest you’re dealing with.

Misidentifying bed bugs gives them more time to spread in other premises, this makes their extermination much harder and a lot more expensive.

Common signs of bed bugs are easy to notice, as long as you spend some time searching for them at the right place, while using the right tools. Look for any of the following:

how to check for bed bugs cover photo

  • rusty or reddish stains on the sheets or mattresses
  • dark spots
  • bed bug eggs and eggshells
  • bed bugs skin
  • live bed bugs

Read more about the signs of bed bugs >

Read more information on bed bugs >

A close inspection for bed bugs requires solid preparation. You need tools and information on how to execute the whole procedure with care.

Adult bed bugs are very good at hiding in narrow places that most people would ignore inspecting. Young bugs are so small in size, people miss them even during a very close check.

Make sure to remember the following professional advice when checking for bed bugs:

  • Don’t rush it, move slowly through the infested areas and do not scare the bed bugs away. They will be harder to find and exterminate if spread all over the place.
  • Pay close attention to the area where you sleep - bed bugs stay near food source
  • Be aware of objects that may harm you during the inspection, such as sharp items or exposed power cables

When you start inspecting the area for bed bugs activity, always start the check from the areas with higher risk of being infested (the bed) and move towards the corners of the room.

Do not forget to inspect items on shelves as well - the bed bugs can infest clothes, luggage, boxes and other movable objects.

  • Pull the bed away from the wall (this prevents bed bugs from spreading further)
  • Collect all clothes, bedding and items stored under the bed. Put them in a dryer for about 20 minutes - the hot air (over 56 °C) will kill live bed bugs and will also exterminate eggs and larvae, the even start dying at 45°C (113°F).

When you remove it from the dryer, isolate the clothes in sealed begs to prevent bed bugs getting on them again.

  • Vacuum the area around he bed and the corners of the room.
  • Install a box spring cover.
  • Remove as much clutter as possible - this makes the pest exterminators’ job much easier.
  • Continue vacuuming and washing the bedding regularly while the professionals treat the rooms in your property.

To make sure the bed bugs are completely eradicated, leave the treatment to the professionals.

  • Do not use any pesticides. We always advise people against the use of such products as they might turn out to be very harmful when not used properly. In addition to this, there are many pesticidal products with unclear origin and no instructions on the box.
  • Avoid throwing away infested furniture. Better let the pros treat them. Thus, you will prevent the infestation spreading in both your home and whoever decides to adopt your old sofa.
  • Don’t be afraid of disease-transmission. Bed bugs are not known for transmitting any life-threatening diseases.
  • Do not apply any pesticidal products on your body. There aren’t any specialised insect repellents against bed bug, suitable for application on the skin.

Most of the domestic bed bugs infestations happen because people bring the pest back home from hotel rooms. This can be easily avoided by checking your hotel room for bed bugs the moment you arrive.

Hotels and restaurants are responsible for the safety public health. The management in this type of business is obliged to control and prevent contamination of food and pest-borne diseases transmission inside the premises.


  • Closely inspect the mattress and the box spring. Probe the headboard as well. If it’s attached to the wall, try to take a look behind.
  • Proceed with inspecting furniture, such as sofa and upholstery
  • Do not forget nightstands and dressers - they are least likely to be infested but should not be ignored during the inspection.
  • Inspect your luggage, if there are traces of bed bugs in it, isolate all clothes and items in a plastic bag, and seal it perfectly. Do not unpack until you have a clear plan of how all items will be treated.
  • Treat your suitcase. If the luggage inside has been infested, this means there are bugs in the suitcase as well. Vacuum all clothing and items from the suitcase. Treat it with heat or wash it before bringing it back home.
  • Check your shoes for bed bugs - it’s unlikely to see any but it’s not impossible for some of the bugs to enter inside in an attempt to hide.
  • Notify the hotel desk immediately if you find any bed bugs. This means there might be other hotel rooms with the same problem. The hotel management will hopefully take immediate actions scheduling a pest treatment.
  • In need of additional stay in the same hotel, ask the desk to be change your room with one that is away from the infested hotel room. The best option is to take a room on a different floor.

Bed bugs are the most common pest in hotels but it’s not the only pests that infests hotels around the world on a daily basis. Many pest species pose a great threat to the hospitality industry by directly threatening the guests’ health and hotel staff. The building itself may also be damaged severely due to pest activity in the area.

There are insects which are easily confused for bed bugs. If you are uncertain of the insects’ species for sure, better wait for the results from the inspection.

Pests you may confuse for bed bugs are mostly any of the following:

  • Bat bugs
  • Cockroach nymphs
  • Book louse
  • Spider beetle

How to Check For Bed Bugs in Luggage

luggage to check for bed bugs

Check the luggage right after you get back home. Do not delay this at any cost. When you arrive at your place, remove the whole luggage from your suitcase and place it on the floor. Don’t do it on a carpet. You won’t be able to see the bugs and some may escape without being noticed.

Do it away from your bedroom with great care of preventing an infestation. Separate the items that may be treated with heat from those that can be freezed, in different bags.

When you’re done with this, continue with a close inspection of the suitcase. Use a flashlight to make a careful revision of the seams, folds and pockets of your suitcase. Look for tiny bed bug eggs and living insects. If there are any insect, vacuum the suitcase in an attempt to remove some of the bed bugs. Use this comprehensive guide on how to clean your suitcase when you're done with the inspection of the luggage.

More information on getting rid of bed bugs in luggage >

Read more about bed bug eggs >

Before contacting a pest control company, try to make sure it is indeed bed bugs you’re dealing with at home. To do this, begin an inspection from the premises where people sleep and move to the rest of the areas in the property.

If the bedding is damaged, do not stitch it back together - if it’s infested from the inside, bed bugs may get trapped and reappear later.

It is easier to check apartments for bed bugs than an entire house. Focus your efforts mostly on the bedroom.

  • Check drawers
  • Inspect the wardrobe and the clothes inside
  • Take a look at places with scarce access of sunlight during the day
  • Inspect power outlets. In case the property is rented, better contact the landlord and inform him of the bed bugs.
  • If you have a carpet - check the area where the carpet meets the wall - it is the spot, most like to see any bed bugs.

These areas are less prone to bed bugs infestation, but do not miss checking them out:

  • Lamps and alarm clocks
  • Jewelry containers
  • Cardboard boxes
  • TVs
  • Desktop computers
  • Books and other papers
  • Inside dropped ceiling

how to check furniture for bed bugs

When the bed bugs’ population hits an all-time high, they are noticeable as they are more. They infest many items, mostly furniture, people often ignore checking their furniture. Some even move infested items in other premises. This makes the infestation almost impossible to deal with as it spreads even more.

To prevent this nightmare, read our advice on how to check furniture for bed bugs activity and do your own check. It will be helpful even if you have to call a pro in the end The information you’ve gathered will even make their job easier as they will know what to begin with.

  • Pull out drawers near the bed and closely take a look at the corners and under the shelf itself. If it’s a folding shelf, check the whole mechanism for bed bugs. If there are crevices in it, there might be a few insects somewhere inside.
  • Inspect the underside of all other furniture in the infested room
  • Inspect screws and nail holes as well - often, they are big enough for a bed bug to squeeze inside
  • Put plastic bags on the following places where bed bugs may hide until a pest treatment is scheduled: remote controls, alarm clocks, lamps, heaters.
  • Check soft fabric inside sofas, couches and other upholstery
  • Take out cushions and pillows from furniture and do a close inspection inside, for bed bugs
  • Coming upon a highly infested furniture should be followed by a proper disposal. Do not dispose of such items before sealing them in plastic bags carefully.

checking a mattress for bed bugs

Buying or bringing home used furniture that is not inspected puts you in a great risk of dealing with bed bugs. Used furniture is very often infested with the crawling pest. This is one of the main reasons why people want to get rid of it in first place - bed bugs treatment may cost more than buying new piece of furniture.

Follow these steps to make sure the fitment is safe to become part of your new interior design:

  1. Get the necessary tools: flashlight, magnifying glass, gloves and a white sheet or nylon to put the furniture on.
  2. Turn the used furniture over the white blanket, if it’s not bed bugs-free, you’ll instantly spot some insects dropping on it.
  3. Run a credit card or an alternative thin fabric through any edges and cracks.
  4. Inspect your gloves before finishing the revision, better pack them inside a plastic bag and never trash them in the bin. Do not take the risk of reusing the same gloves.
  5. Do not bring used furniture home if you find signs of bed bugs in it. (link to the post about signs of bed bugs).

This is the most essential step of identifying the bed bugs, so we found it necessary to provide you with some detailed tips on the process.

Take your time and don’t rush it. Inspecting the mattress is of great importance, many would not look any further if they don’t spot bugs on the mattress.

  • Start with the bottom seams and continue with the material, sewn into the edges
  • Take a look at the air holes and the handles of mattress, if there are any
  • Check the box spring or the platform, based on the type of your mattress
  • Treat any black/brownish spots with alcohol-containing liquid. If the spot becomes red, this means it’s blood from the bed bugs’ droppings
  • Proceed with the inspection in case other signs of bed bugs occur

The box spring of the mattress may be a bit hard to inspect. Follow these steps to make it easier:

  • Lift the mattress carefully
  • Turn over the box spring and uncover it by removing the cloth on the underside
  • Pay attention to the spring frame parts where bed bugs are usually found
  • Use a credit card to see if there are bed bugs between the separate box spring frame parts.

Wooden bed are more often flooded with bed bugs than metal ones. Wherever a mattress makes contact with a frame, the chances of seeing bed bugs are higher. Bed frames and headboards should be the first places to check in any bed.

  • Start the inspection by probing joints where parts meet
  • Disassemble the bed if necessary
  • Inspect the lower side of the bed frame
  • Detach the headboard for easier inspection of the hole part
  • The top parts of the wooden support provides a shelter for bed bugs - check this spot too

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