Glossary: Definitions of Over 50 Pest Related Terms

Welcome to the glossary of Fantastic Pest Control

You can browse all pest related words and phrases alphabetically.


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Abdomen: one of the three segments of an insects body that contains the organs of its digestive system

Airborne: Something which is transported by air.

Allergen: Any material or substance the body can be over-sensitive to.

Anaphylaxis: A severe allergic reaction to an antigen (e.g. a sting or a bite)

Anthrax: A deadly disease. Mostly affects animals but humans can contract it after eating infected meat.

Arachnid: An arthropod of the class Arachnida, i.e. a spider or scorpion.

Asphyxiation: Loss of normal breath that results in going unconscious or death.

Asthma: A condition associated with shortness of breath and coughing, usually in result of an allergen, stress and others.



Colony: A group of social insects

Conjunctivitis: Eye inflammation

CSD – Cat Scratch Disease: A disease with a slow onset, that follows a cat scratch. Symptoms are loss of appetite, pains in joints and muscles, chills.

Cyfluthrin: A common pyrethroid household pesticide

Cypermethrin: An insecticide toxic to the nervous system of insects, often used in agriculture.



DDT: Dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane, which was the first synthetic insecticide developed in the 1940s.

Detritus: Organic material (I.e. faecal matter, dead organisms) which is dead but hasn’t dissolved yet.

Diatomaceous earth: It’s a natural rock made out of prehistoric fossilized water plants called diatoms. Has an effect against pests.

Disease Vector: An organism that carries infectious diseases through transmission of parasites. I.e: ticks and mosquitoes

Dysentery: Intestine inflammation that results in diarrhoea, bleeding and fever.



Eczema: A skin condition that consists of blisters, itching and sometimes bleeding



Fifth Disease: A skin rash that can affect children as old as 5-15

Fipronil: A pesticide that works against the nervous system of insects

Fluvalinate: A synthetic substance most commonly used against ticks in protection of honey bee colonies.

Fungi: An organism which reproduces by the use of spores; examples: mould, mildew, yeast, mushrooms



Gregarious: A sociable animal that lives in herds



Hantavirus: A virus only carried by rodents

Herbivore: An animal that feeds on plants

Host: A living being that a parasitic or commensal organism lives in



Leptospirosis: A disease transmitted by rodents and other vermin through contaminated water that is associated with eye pain, head- and muscle aches and fever.



Mandible: A pair of appendages near the insect’s mouth with the function to grasp or cut food

Mesothoracic: The middle of an insect’s body, where the first pair of wings and the middle pair of legs are

Methoprene: A juvenile hormone analog that can serve as an insecticide.

Mimicry: Resemblance of one species to another for the purpose of protection



Necrosis: Death of tissue in a part of the body

Neonicotinoids: One of the newer insecticides that paralyses bugs and causes them to die

Nithiazine: One of the rather more toxic and dangerous chemicals used in pest control

Nymph: A newly hatched insect



Pathogens: Disease-causing microorganisms

Pharyngitis: Throat inflammation

Pheromones: A special chemical compound released by insects to affect and interact with others from its species

Pollinators: An insect that enables the fertilization and reproduction of flowers

Pseudotuberculosis: Pain in the right side of the abdomen and a fever caused by a food-borne infection

Pyrethroid: One of the most common ingredients in household insecticides; organic compound from the flowers of pyrethrums

Pyriproxyfen: A pesticide that is especially effective against Arthropoda such as fleas and ticks.



Q fever: A disease similar in its symptoms to the flu



Rat bite fever: A disease that can be contracted after a rat bite and has a mortality of 10% when untreated



Salmonella: The bacteria that cause conditions like typhoid fever, paratyphoid fever, and food poisoning

Scavenger: An animal with a menu that consists of dead plants, carrion or rubbish

Secretions: The process of substance excretion for a purpose

Social insect: Insects that live in group and exhibit 3 qualities: group integration, labour division and overlap of generations

Spinneret: A silk-spinning organ at the back of a spider that produces spider web

Swarming: Moving in large numbers

Symbiosis: A beneficial relationship between two individuals from different species who are dependent on each other



Thorax: The part of the body starting from the abdomen to the neck

Tularemia: A disease animals can transfer to humans; comes with high temperature, weight loss and ulcers

Typhus: A disease transmitted by fleas, lice and mites, that comes with headaches, fever, depression and skin rashes



Vespine: Vespa is Latin for wasp



Weil’s Disease: A severe case of the rat-transmitted Leptosiprosis known to cause organ failure and blood loss

West Nile virus: A dangerous condition that can cause pneumonia and brain and nervous system damage

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