You can browse all pest related words and phrases alphabetically.
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Abdomen: one of the three segments of an insects body that contains the organs of its digestive system
Airborne: Something which is transported by air.
Allergen: Any material or substance the body can be over-sensitive to.
Anaphylaxis: A severe allergic reaction to an antigen (e.g. a sting or a bite)
Anthrax: A deadly disease. Mostly affects animals but humans can contract it after eating infected meat.
Arachnid: An arthropod of the class Arachnida, i.e. a spider or scorpion.
Asphyxiation: Loss of normal breath that results in going unconscious or death.
Asthma: A condition associated with shortness of breath and coughing, usually in result of an allergen, stress and others.
Colony: A group of social insects
Conjunctivitis: Eye inflammation
CSD – Cat Scratch Disease: A disease with a slow onset, that follows a cat scratch. Symptoms are loss of appetite, pains in joints and muscles, chills.
Cyfluthrin: A common pyrethroid household pesticide
Cypermethrin: An insecticide toxic to the nervous system of insects, often used in agriculture.
DDT: Dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane, which was the first synthetic insecticide developed in the 1940s.
Detritus: Organic material (I.e. faecal matter, dead organisms) which is dead but hasn’t dissolved yet.
Diatomaceous earth: It’s a natural rock made out of prehistoric fossilized water plants called diatoms. Has an effect against pests.
Disease Vector: An organism that carries infectious diseases through transmission of parasites. I.e: ticks and mosquitoes
Dysentery: Intestine inflammation that results in diarrhoea, bleeding and fever.
Eczema: A skin condition that consists of blisters, itching and sometimes bleeding
Fifth Disease: A skin rash that can affect children as old as 5-15
Fipronil: A pesticide that works against the nervous system of insects
Fluvalinate: A synthetic substance most commonly used against ticks in protection of honey bee colonies.
Fungi: An organism which reproduces by the use of spores; examples: mould, mildew, yeast, mushrooms
Gregarious: A sociable animal that lives in herds
Hantavirus: A virus only carried by rodents
Herbivore: An animal that feeds on plants
Host: A living being that a parasitic or commensal organism lives in
Leptospirosis: A disease transmitted by rodents and other vermin through contaminated water that is associated with eye pain, head- and muscle aches and fever.
Mandible: A pair of appendages near the insect’s mouth with the function to grasp or cut food
Mesothoracic: The middle of an insect’s body, where the first pair of wings and the middle pair of legs are
Methoprene: A juvenile hormone analog that can serve as an insecticide.
Mimicry: Resemblance of one species to another for the purpose of protection
Necrosis: Death of tissue in a part of the body
Neonicotinoids: One of the newer insecticides that paralyses bugs and causes them to die
Nithiazine: One of the rather more toxic and dangerous chemicals used in pest control
Nymph: A newly hatched insect
Pathogens: Disease-causing microorganisms
Pharyngitis: Throat inflammation
Pheromones: A special chemical compound released by insects to affect and interact with others from its species
Pollinators: An insect that enables the fertilization and reproduction of flowers
Pseudotuberculosis: Pain in the right side of the abdomen and a fever caused by a food-borne infection
Pyrethroid: One of the most common ingredients in household insecticides; organic compound from the flowers of pyrethrums
Pyriproxyfen: A pesticide that is especially effective against Arthropoda such as fleas and ticks.
Q fever: A disease similar in its symptoms to the flu
Rat bite fever: A disease that can be contracted after a rat bite and has a mortality of 10% when untreated
Salmonella: The bacteria that cause conditions like typhoid fever, paratyphoid fever, and food poisoning
Scavenger: An animal with a menu that consists of dead plants, carrion or rubbish
Secretions: The process of substance excretion for a purpose
Social insect: Insects that live in group and exhibit 3 qualities: group integration, labour division and overlap of generations
Spinneret: A silk-spinning organ at the back of a spider that produces spider web
Swarming: Moving in large numbers
Symbiosis: A beneficial relationship between two individuals from different species who are dependent on each other
Thorax: The part of the body starting from the abdomen to the neck
Tularemia: A disease animals can transfer to humans; comes with high temperature, weight loss and ulcers
Typhus: A disease transmitted by fleas, lice and mites, that comes with headaches, fever, depression and skin rashes
Vespine: Vespa is Latin for wasp
Weil’s Disease: A severe case of the rat-transmitted Leptosiprosis known to cause organ failure and blood loss
West Nile virus: A dangerous condition that can cause pneumonia and brain and nervous system damage
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